Pseudotsuga menziesii

Oregon’s state tree is a large evergreen coniferous tree that grows over 200′ tall with dark brown furrowed bark. It produces bright orange buds and iconic cones with papery three-forked bracts which extend beyond scales. Can live over 1000 years.

Doug fir buds

Photo credit: Seven Oaks Native Nursery

Doug fir cones

Photo credit: Seven Oaks Native Nursery

  • Doug fir buds
  • Doug fir cones

Plant Details

Oak woodland
Upland Prairie and Savanna
Riparian Forests
Bottomland Forests
Mixed Hardwood-Conifer Forest or Woodland
Thick bark enables it to survive moderate fire.
Mature Height:
Shade Preference:
Full Sun, Partial Shade,
Soil Tolerance:
Grows on all but wettest soils
Special Uses:
Grown for timber production; deer resistant
Arboretum Locations:
Cheldelin Middle School Arboretum
Corvallis Waldorf School Native Arboretum
Year(s) Planted:
2011, 1996