Gaultheria shallon

Evergreen groundcover/creeping shrub that grows up to 5′ tall. Glossy evergreen leaves with white urn-shaped flowers that hang down along the stem and fruits that are reddish-blue to dark purple. Foliage used in floral arrangements. Helps prevent weed establishment. Ideal for areas where tall shrubs are not desired but neither are weeds.

Salal flower

Photo credit: Chris Evans

salal fruit

Photo credit: Chris Evans

  • Salal flower
  • salal
  • salal fruit

Plant Details

Riparian Forests
Bottomland Forests
Mixed Hardwood-Conifer Forest or Woodland
Mixed Hardwood-Conifer Forest or Woodland
Mature Height:
Shade Preference:
Partial Shade,
Soil Tolerance:
Dry to moist
Special Uses:
Attracts insects, bees and butterflies; Provides wildlife forage, cover and food; Ornamental; Deer resistant
Arboretum Locations:
Cheldelin Middle School Arboretum
Crescent Valley High School Arboretum
Year(s) Planted:
2012, 2012